The architectural landscape in the interwar time and the need of re generation today – geographical parcours Romania, Italy, Greece, the rest of Europe
- Maria Boștenaru Dan
In this paper the author investigated the need of conservation of early 20th century buildings. This need of conservation is determined by the physical condition of the buildings on one side, be it aging, or seismic vulnerability, and by the need to put them in value, for example for cultural tourism, on another side. The greatest number of conservation approaches is given by Italy, where a multitude of Modernisms and architectures, with different conservation approaches can be found, and thus can be an example for Romania. Also in Greece there are similarities in the typology of the buildings and their problems. Finally the larger European context is considered, highlighting the intense research and practice for the conservation of 20th century architecture in Germany, particularly in Karlsruhe, research extending to the large European context. Other notable examples are from Slovenia, Great Britain, Portugal and Austria. The focus lay on multi-storey buildings, mostly of housing, and mostly with reinforced concrete structure. Seismic retrofit, sometimes performed with innovative methods such as fibre reinforced polymers (FRP) can be connected to functional rehabilitation, as examples show. The investigation is relevant for this time and place since early 20th century buildings give the face of Bucharest.