ArgumentNo. 1/2009

Identity models of Luxembourg - Mosel Valley cultural landscape Banat

Abstract

Between 1764 and 1786, almost 5 000 inhabitants of Luxembourg emigrate towards Banat, with some early arrivals signaled since 1724.

Ordinances from 1765 and 10th of March 1766, geared towards stopping emigration, allow leave of the country only for the following groups: ecclesiastics in search of benefices, people dwelling near the frontier, Luxembourgians residing abroad and the bourgeois wanting to benefit from their diplomas or art.

The average age of emigration was generally around 25-26 years, bringing grave prejudice to the recruitment of national Luxembourgian regiments.

Since Luxembourg and Banat were vassal provinces of the same monarch, only the government in Vienna could issue sanctions. The great majority of the emigrant being bankrupt and therefore had nothing to lose, which meant that the fiscal institutions were usually hesitant of taking action against them.

My personal interest in studying this subject is deeply rooted in my childhood, spent in Banat, and the deep impression left on me by the architecture of the Moselle Valley - so similar to that of my home region.

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