ArgumentNo. 13/2021

Adaptive architecture. Interaction with the built environment

  • / assist. PhDc. arch., “Gheorghe Asachi ” Technical University, Iași, RO


Contemporary society suffers from a constant acceleration of the way of life, mainly caused by technology. Given that the perceptual system of human beings is a holistic one (the whole body is influenced by the senses, which in turn alters the way of thinking), the architecture response of the status of change, remodeling and adaptation of the contemporary ethos is the emergence of new forms of architecture based on the absorption of research and innovation from other fields. Adaptive architecture is a multidisciplinary field that aims to generate customizable spaces, by changing the interior organization, in order to ensure new functional features, but also by adjusting the structural and closing elements. The adaptation of the architectural space is based on the distinction between "adaptive architecture" (ie the one specifically designed to adapt to the environment, inhabitants and component objects) and "adaptable architecture" (actually, any architectural object). Why do we need adaptive architecture? The relevance of studying this field is found in the purpose of this phenomenon - creating a new form of architecture responsible for mediating the interaction between man and computer, the automation of processes necessary to redesign the interior space, and reducing energy and resource consumption.

In the case of adaptive architecture, users are directly and constantly involved in the act of designing and customizing the environment. The sensory and technological dimension of adaptive architecture is able to record and process the user's response to changes in environmental parameters, thus, creating the paradigm of a sensitive architecture, which is constantly improving by adding new data sets, compared to previous results. . Adaptive architecture does not offer a final solution, but a series of iterations that allow the user to modify it as needed, while providing a more appropriate response to the search for spatial archetypes, the primary image of "home" than conventional buildings. Using exploratory research, the paper presents the current stage of development of the field, highlights the cyclical changes to which the architectural object is subjected in terms of exploring the spatio-temporal layers that make up its existence and evaluates the development directions of the adaptive architecture in terms of the principles governing its existence (reconfiguration, flexibility, interactivity). The results obtained indicate that the development of adaptive architecture is still in its infancy, with innovations being closely linked to innovations in related fields. Addressing the complex problems faced by interactive architectural systems can be solved by generating a new paradigm in systems science - new possibilities of using space by designing interactions (for example, the collaboration of computer science with psychology).

Keywords: adaptive architecture, change, process, reconfiguration, flexibility, automation

Published in Argument 13/