Duiliu Marcu and Alvar Aalto in Four Dwellings
- Teodor-Cristian Dascălu / “Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism, Bucharest, Romania
The paper consists of a comparison between Alvar Aalto and Duiliu Marcu, through the lens of how the two approached the theme of dwelling. The premise is my attempt to compare the works of two contemporary architects belonging to different cultures, in order to shed light on some aspects of dwelling specific to their work. In a previous paper, I have found the link to be the influence of classical architecture on Marcu and Aalto. Furthering the study in the sphere of dwelling, I found that the two solve this program in fairy different manners, however not without common elements. I started by quickly describing the contexts in which Duiliu Marcu and Alvar Aalto have grown up and began their careers, through the perspective of both geopolitics and the architectural movements that characterised the end of the 19th century. Following that, I made two comparisons between four dwellings designed by Marcu and Aalto, looking to compare projects built in similar contexts. I chose two dwellings built in an urban context, and two in which the natural landscape represents the background in which the projects insert themselves. In the end, I discovered the principles that define the notion of dwelling for Aalto and Marcu.